President Joe Biden’s plan to spend billions on U.S. charging networks could encourage more Americans to buy electric vehicles, giving General Motors and Ford Motor much-needed fuel in the battle against Tesla.
Biden’s administration on Thursday embraced a bipartisan Senate deal to spend $1.2 trillion on infrastructure projects, including $7.5 billion on EV infrastructure, including charging stations. Any bill must be passed by both houses of Congress, which are narrowly controlled by Biden’s Democrats.
“It’s necessary for the consumers to get better infrastructure to buy EVs, and it might be good for General Motors and Ford as well as Stellantis,” said Frank Schwope, automotive analyst at NORD/LB.
Previously, Biden had sought $15 billion to build 500,000 EV charging stations. In a 2018 report, consultancy firm McKinsey estimated that the United States will need about $11 billion of capital investment by 2030 to deploy the 13 million chargers needed for the country’s EVs.
“Effective legislation should include investments in charging infrastructure, particularly in urban areas and along highway corridors, that will help give consumers even more confidence to buy electric,” GM said in a statement.
Ford said in a statement it was “encouraging” to see bipartisan progress on overdue investments in infrastructure.
“We hope the final product will enable and accelerate that shift” to zero-emission vehicles, the company said.
Tesla’s fast supercharging network has given it a competitive edge. Meanwhile, other carmakers have formed alliances or invested in startups for networks as they rush new EV entrants to market. EV sales made up only 2% of total car sales in the United States in 2020.
There are two kinds of public EV charging stations: the slower Level 2 chargers, which take about an hour of charging for 10 miles (16 km) to 20 miles (32 km); and the DC fast chargers that can add 60 to 80 miles of range in a 20-minute charge.
Volkswagen unit Electrify America, which will have 800 charging stations with more than 3,500 ultra-fast chargers across the United States, said it was encouraged by the spending plans.
Other companies such as Blink, EVgo and ChargePoint are also building out charging networks across the country, but at a much slower pace than their counterparts in China, where there is strong government support for EVs.
There are about 884,000 charging stations in China as of May compared to just about 42,000 in the United States.
A Cox Automotive study said Americans are hesitant to buy EVs due to anxieties about the ranges of the vehicles and high price tags, as well as weak charging infrastructure.
“It (the infrastructure) can give a push to people, but you have to differ between the people in the big cities and people on the countryside,” automotive analyst Schwope said.
“On the countryside, you need much more mileage than in the cities. The push will come especially in the big cities.”